Culinary Beds

Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)

The Culinary beds are planted with examples of plants used to flavour food, stilling herbs (for herbal concoctions and remedies) and sallets (medieval form of salad). These include chives, dill, borage, rampions, spearmint, peppermint and sweet basil. Many of the herbs were sew and surgery plants i.e. dual-purpose herbs for culinary and medicinal use.

Botanical NameCommon Names
Alliaria petiolataSauce alone, Garlic mustard
Allium schoenoprasumChives
Althea officinalisMarsh mallow
Anethum graveolensDill
Anthriscus cerefoliumChervil
Anthriscus sylvestrisRavens wing, Black parsley
Armoracia rusticanaHorseradish
Artemisia dracunculusFrench tarragon
Asparagus officinalisAsparagus
Balsamita majorCostmary, Alecost
Carum carviCaraway
Clinopodium vulgareWild basil
Cnicus benedictusBlessed thistle
Coriandrum sativumCoriander
Cynara scolymus(cardunculus)Artichoke
Eruca vesicaria ssp. sativaRocket salad
Foeniculum vulgare purpureaPurple fennel
Fragaria vescaWild strawberry
Glechoma hederaceaAlehoof
Hyssopus officinales roseusRose hyssop
Lathyrus sylvestrisNarrow leaved pea
Latuca serriolaPrickly lettuce
Malva verticillata var crispaFrench mallow
Mentha piperata citrataEau de Cologne mint
Mentha rotundifoliaApplemint
Mentha spicataSpearmint
Mentha suaveolens variegataVariegated apple mint
Mentha x gentilis variegataGingermint
Mentha x piperataPeppermint
Mentha x piperata crispaBlack peppermint
Myrrhis odorataSweet cicely
Ocimum basilicumBasil
Origanum majoranaSweet marjoram
Origanum vulgarePot, wild marjoram
Picris echiodesLangue de Boeuf
Pimpinella anisumAnise
Plantago majorPlantain, waybread
Rumex acetosaSorrel
Rumex sanguineus ssp. sanguineusRed veined dock, Blethard, Bloodwort, Bloody dock
Rumex scutatusFrench, Buckler leaved sorrel
Salvia sclareaClary sage
Sanguisorba minorSalad burnet
Satureja hortensisSummer savory
Smyrnium olustratumAlexanders
Trigonella foenum-graecumFenugreek
Viola odorataSweet violet

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