Medicinal Border

Many plants grown in the period would have had more than one use and often one of the uses would have been medicinal. In the medicinal border plants with primarily a medicinal (physick) use are shown. They include angelica, mandrake, henbane, lungwort, foxglove, selfheal and comfrey. The plants were used in a variety of ways: in a dried form, infused in drinks, the seeds eaten, or as poultices placed upon the body. The plants’ names often reflected the part of the body or illness treated, eg comfrey is also known as ‘knitbone’ and ‘bruisewort’, indicating its use for applying to bruises, sprains and fractures.

Mandrake
Comfrey
Botanical NameCommon Names
Angelica archangelicaAngelica
Anthyllis vulnerariaKidney vetch, Cats claws, Fingers and thumbs
Aphanes arvensisParsley piert, Breakstone parsley
Apium graveolensWild celery, smallage
Artemesia ponticaRoman wormwood
Asarum europaeumAsarabacca, Hazelwort, European wild ginger, Wild spikenard
Cynoglossum officinaleHounds Tongue
Delphinium consolidaLarkspur
Digitalis purpureaFoxglove
Echium vulgareVipers bugloss
Filipendula ulmariaMeadowsweet
Glycyrrhiza glabraLiquorice
Hyoscyamus nigerHenbane. Stinking nightshade. Black henbane
Inula heleniumElecampane, Velvet dock, Cure all, Scabwort
Levisticum officinaleLovage
Linaria purpureaPurple toadflax
Linaria vulgarisCommon toadflax
Lythrum salicariaPurple loosestrife
Malva moschataMuskmallow
Mandragora officinarumMandrake. Devil’s apple. Love apple
Marrubium vulgareHorehound white
Nicotiana tobacumTobacco
Ononis repensRestharrow
Onopordum acanthiumCotton thistle, Scotch thistle
Phyllitis scolopendrium
syn. Asplenium scolopendrum
Hart’s tongue fern
Plantago mediaHoary plantain
Prunella vulgarisSelf heal
Salvia verbenacaA wild clary sage
Sempervivum tectorumHouse Leek
Symphytum officinaleComfrey
Tanacetum parthenium aureaGolden feverfew
Tanacetum vulgare var. crispumTansy curly
Verbena officinalisVervain

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