The first garden you encounter on entering the walled garden demonstrates plants that were commonly used for knots before box (Buxus sempervirens) became the popular choice for this purpose. The clippings of many of these plants would also have been used for strewing upon the floor to combat ‘pestilent ayres’. Queen Elizabeth employed a strewing lady whose task it was to ensure a constant supply of strewing material. The layout includes Medieval and Tudor features such as a turf seat and a brick paved terrace with an arrangement of seats and pots.

Botanical NameCommon Names
Alchemilla vulgarisOur Lady’s mantle
Anthemis nobile flore-plenaDouble flowered chamomile
Anthemis nobile treneagueLawn chamomile
Anthericum liliagoSt Bernards Lily
Antirrhinum majusSnap dragon
Armeria maritimaThrift, sea pink, ladies cushion
Astrantia majorMasterwort
Cheiranthus cheiri ‘Bloody Warrior’Wall gilleflower
Cheiranthus cheiri ‘Harpur Crewe’Wall gilleflower
Cydonia oblongaQuince
Geranium pratense striatumQueen Anne’s needlework
Geranium robertianumHerb robert, adders tongue, birds eye
Hyssopus officinalisHyssop
Lavandula angustifoliaEnglish Lavender
Paradisea liliastrumSt Brunos lily
Plantago major rosularisRose plantain
Prunus cerasus var. morelloMorello Cherry
Ranunculus acris flore plenaDouble meadow crowfoot
Ranunculus repens flore-plenaBachelors Buttons
Rosa arvensisMusk Rose
Rosmarinus officinalisRosemary
Ruta graveolensRue
Salvia officinalisSage
Santolina chamaecyparissusCotton Lavender
Satureja montanaWinter savoury
Silene dioicaRed campion
Silene dioica albaWhite campion, gypsy flower
Tanacetum partheniumFeverfew
Teucrium chamaedrysWall germander
Thymus serphyllumTrue wild thyme
Thymus vulgarisThyme

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